Restoration and Conservation of an Antique Wood Shutter Door from the Safawi Period
|Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2024, Pages 197-226 PDF (9.26 M)
|Saad Ahmed Abed Alaraje* 1; Yasmin Abdulkareem Abdulkareem Mohameed Ali Alasady2
|1Public authority for antiquities and heritage, Mosul cultural museum
|2Department of Archaeology / College of Archaeology, University of Mosul
|Restoration occupies a large and important space in the field of Archaeology concerns, and it developed greatly during the latter half of the twentieth century, becoming a stand-alone science with distinguished schools, in which a lot of research and academic and applied studies are conducted.
Organic pieces are often subjected to physical, chemical and biological changes depending on the self-resistance properties of the material that composes the artifact, and it is not possible to sequence the importance of the change factors, and thus it can be said that the damage of plant organic materials depends mainly on the internal interactions of cellulose and other organic compounds and these interactions resulted from the surrounding environment, such as poor storage and resulting in fragility and color change, and the damage is represented in the color change in the molecular structure of the material, and accordingly the expectation of the rate of oxidation and hydrolysis, especially for the surface, as well as the effect may be found under the surface of the soil that leads to damage to the wood that lived for very long periods of time, exposed to the soil, which works to destroy the fungi and bacteria in the wood.
|Restoration; Conservation; Shutter; Door; Wood
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