Effect the Static Magnetic Field on some Hematological Parameters of Human AML Leukemia: in vitro
|Rafidain Journal of Science
|Volume 32, Issue 3, September 2023, Pages 32-40 PDF (491.17 K)
|Document Type: Research Paper
|Shaima Haitham Zaki Al-Qadi1; Qusay Kh. Al_Dulamey2; Mazin Ahmed Abed3; Ahmed Kayes Mehuaiden4
|1Dept. of Physics, College of Science, Mosul University, Mosul,IRAQ
|2Department of Biophysics / College of Science / University of Mosul
|3Physics Dept., College of Science, Mosul University, Mosul,IRAQ
|4Department of Hematology, Ibn Sina Teaching Hospital, Mosul, Iraq
|In contrast to its relative effects on PLT and white blood cells, the percentage of the magnetic field's influence on red blood cells in this study is lower. The behavior of PLT and RBC are identical (decrease relativity after exposure) at low dose rates of 0.1 Tesla/ hr. and high dose rates of 0.7 Tesla/ hr., and they exhibit opposite behaviors to those of WBC. The ratio of PLT and RBC reaches the high ratio for both males and females at the dose rate of 0.4 Tesla/hr. So, the best exposure dose rate for PLT, WBC, and RBC is 0.4 Tesla/hr.
Because these components are radiosensitive, the reversal of the AML leukemia blood components of the incident magnetic field changes. Additionally, cancer cells experience higher levels of ionization than healthy cells. Therefore, the ratio of PLT and RBC after exposure rose at the high-dose rate (0.7 Tesla/hr.). This is so because healthy cells are also included in the damage rate. It is obvious that leukemia blood samples exhibit distinct PLT, WBC, and RBC behaviors than healthy blood samples. This is a result of the increased rate of ionizations during the radiation treatment of blood samples with leukemia. This indicates that the rates of ionization for blood samples containing leukemia and healthy blood are different. The findings are consistent with the fundamental ideas underlying the phenomenon of biological radiation interaction.
|magnetic field; Tesla; AML leukemia; hematology; ionization
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