The effect of adding local myrtle leaves powder and industrial antioxidant Butylated Hydroxy Toluene to laying hens feeding on some biochemical characteristics and special enzymes against oxidative stress in laying hens blood
|Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences|
|Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 May 2023 PDF (1.1 M)|
|Document Type: Research Paper|
|Mohammed A. Sadeq* 1; Mohammed I. A. AL-Neemi* 2|
|1Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk,Iraq|
|2Department of Animals Production, College of Agriculture, Kirkuk University, Kirkuk, Iraq.|
|This experiment conducted in the poultry field "Al Sayada" affiliated to the Department of Animal Production at the College of Agriculture in the University of Kirkuk for the period 20/2/2022 to 12/6/2022 for 112 days (16 weeks), 200 laying hens, type "LOHMANN BROWN", at the age of 54 weeks, were randomly distributed to 10 nutritional treatments, with 5 replications for each treatment, and one repetition included 4 birds . The treatments were represented as follows: first treatment: control(without any adds), second treatment: first treatment + 1.0% myrtle leaves powder, third treatment: first treatment + 2.0% myrtle leaves powder, fourth treatment: first treatment + 0.05% Butylated hydroxytoluene, fifth treatment: The second transaction +0.05% Butylated hydroxytoluene, the sixth transaction: the third transaction +0.05% Butylated hydroxytoluene. It is clear from the statistical analysis of the study that there is a significant decrease (P≤0.05) in the levels of cholesterol, total protein and globulin for the addition treatments compared with the control treatment (without any addition) and an improvement in the levels of glucose, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein and albumin, as well as an improvement in the antioxidants Malondialdehyde and Glutathione In blood serum, it can be concluded that the addition of local myrtle leaves powder at rates of 1% and 2% with (BHT) at 0.05% enhanced the improvement of biochemical properties and antioxidant enzymes in serum of laying hens.|
|myrtle leaves,,; ,،؛BHT,,; ,،؛laying hens,,; ,،؛biochemical characteristics,,; ,،؛oxidative enzymes|
]1[AL-Taei . S. M. and AL-Neemi . I. A, 2019 , Effect of the varieties of black pipper powder (photobiotics) and biobiotic (probiotic) in improving the quality performance and traits of egg layers , Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences KUJAS. (2018): 101-112.
]2[AL-Arslan . A.N and AL- Nuaimy,2019 , Effect of using two levels of different types of ginger (Indian, American, Spanian and South of African ) upon the performance and some quality and sensory traits of the ISA BROWN layer egg , Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences KUJAS.(Issue Special Issue) : 170-181.
]3[AL-Saiedy A..N. K. and AL-Nuaimy M..I.A,2019, Effect of adding types of red pepper powder (Bio active subctance) and fibrolytic enzymes mixture in improvement of the performance and quality egg traits of the layer (ISA BROWN), Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences KUJAS. 2019(2018): Special Issue:203-215.
]4[Al-Zamely, O.M., M.S. Al-Nimer and Muslish, R.K. (2001).Detection the level of peroxy nitrite and related with antioxidant status in the serum of patient with acute myocardial infarction.Nat. J.Chem.4:625-637.
]5[Sedat S., Sezai E. , Memnune S., Kazim G. and Emine O. ,2010, Antioxidant activities and fatty acid composition of wild grown myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) fruits . Pharmacognosy Magazine .6 (21) : 24-32 .
]6[Goudarzi M., Iman S., Shahram N., and Farid N.,2016, The Effect of Myrtus communis oil extract on growth performance and immune responses in ross and cobb strain broilers. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies JOAAT.3(1): 65 -70.
]7[Guidet , B. and Shah , S.( 1989). Am . J. Physiol. 257(26) : 440. ( cited by Muslih, et ., al., 2002)
]8[Sabiha Sumbul, M Aftab Ahmad , M Asif1 and Mohd Akhtar .(2011) . Myrtus communis Linn. A review . Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources Vol. 2(4), pp. 395-402.
]9[Mahassine A. , E. S. , José A. P. , Jamal A. and Juana F. ,2018, Effect of myrtle (Myrtus communis) extracts on storage stability of chicken frankfurters . International Journal of Biotechnology for Wellness Industries. 4(1): 71-77.
]10[N.R.C. National Research council ,1994, Nutrient Requirement of Poultry.9th rev. ed. National Academy Press,Washington,D.S; USA.
]11[Sadeq M. And AL-Nuaimi . I. A,2020. Effect of using different levels of powder basil seed and leaves of the dandelion(chicory) in improving the production performance and the quality and sensory traits egg of the adapted Japanese females quail, Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences KUJAS. 11(2): 35-47.
]12[SAS,2001,SAS Users Guide: Statistics Version 6th ed; SAS Institute inc ; Gry , NC.
]13[Aylin, I.G., C. Çevik and E. Yesilada .(2004). Hypoglycaemic effects of myrtle oil in normal and alloxan-diabetic rabbits. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 93: 311-318.
]14[Bardzardi M. M, Ghazanfari S, Salehi A. & Sharifi. S.D ,2014, Growth performance, carcass characteristics, antibody titer and blood parameters in broiler chickens fed dietary myrtle (Myrtus communis) essential oil as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoter. World's Poultry Science Journal WPSJ. 2 (1) : 37-49.
]15[Abo-eid, h. a. , m. s. abousekken and m. m. el-rashedey .(2019) . effect of antioxidants supplementation on growth performance and meat quality of growing rabbits . egyptian j. nutrition and feeds , 22 (3): 561-576 .
]16[Zinab, A, 2011,Bioeffect of some Syrian Myrtus communis L. leaves extracts in the growth of some pathogenic microorganisms, Damascus University Journal of Basic Sciences DUJBS. 28( 2 ): 51-69.
]17[Farawn Z. K. and Menati J. K.,2016, The effect of different levels of myrtle leaves water extract on some immunological traits of broiler chickens, AL – Muthanna Journal of Agricultural Sciences MJAS.4(2):1-12.
]18[Goudarzi M., Iman S., Shahram N. and Farid N., 2016, The Effect of Myrtus communis oil extract on growth performance and Immune responses in ross and cobb strain broilers. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies JOAAT. 3(1): 45-62.
]19[Aicha H., M. G. M. and Said N.,2018, Antioxidant activity of Myrtus communis L. and Myrtus nivellei Batt. and Trab. Extracts: A Brief Review . Medicines Basel Journal MBJ 5( 89): 2-68 .
]20[Gultepe E. E., Aamir I., Ibrahim S. C., Cangir U., Umit O. and Ismail B. ,2020, Effect of Myrtus communis L. plant extract as a drinking water supplement on performance, some blood parameters, egg quality and immune response of older laying hens . Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi . 26 , (1) : 9-16 .
]21[Al-Qattan Abdel-Rahman, Saeb Younis and Muntaha Mahmoud (2009). Effect of some antioxidants on some physiological, reproductive and productive characteristics of laying hens. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences 23 . Number: 2 . 377-384.
Article View: 11
PDF Download: 9