The role of the agricultural extension in educating farmers about the legislation on protecting the environment from pollution with chemical pesticides
|Kirkuk University Journal For Agricultural Sciences|
|Article 19, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2023, Pages 218-229 PDF (864.5 K)|
|Document Type: Research Paper|
|Mithal S. Abdul Latif* 1; Ahmed T. H. Al-Salhi1; Yahya R. Kata2; Mutasim M. Muhammad2|
|1Department of Agricultural Extension and Technology Transfer, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences|
|2Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Crop Protection, Baghdad. Iraq.|
|The research aimed to determine the role of the agricultural extension in educating farmers about the legislation on the protection of the rural environment from pollution with chemical pesticides working in the Department of Agricultural Extension and Training and the Department of Agricultural Extension in the directorates of agriculture of Najaf and Qadisiyah, and to determine the role of the agricultural extension in the axis of farmers' use of the correct methods to protect the rural environment from pollution with chemical pesticides and the axis of the reasons that lead farmers to pollute the rural environment with chemical pesticides, and to achieve the objectives of this research prepared A questionnaire in the light of reviewing the relevant literature, legislation, laws and guidance bulletins, consisting of (72) items distributed on (3) axes, namely, the role of the agricultural extension in educating farmers about the legislation on protecting the rural environment from chemical pesticide pollution, the axis of the role of the agricultural extension in the use of farmers the correct methods to protect the rural environment from pesticide pollution, and the axis of the reasons that lead farmers to pollute the rural environment with pesticides, data were collected during the months of July and August / 20 22 by the questionnaire in a personal interview method from a random sample by (100) by (60) agricultural extension, and the results of the research showed that the rate of the role of the agricultural extension in educating farmers about the legislation on environmental protection, The workers in the Department of Agricultural Extension and Training and the agricultural extension departments in the directorates of agriculture of Najaf and Qadisiyah amounted to (58.9 degrees and that the highest percentage was (60%) and falls within the category of the large role , and the results also showed a large role tends to the average in the axis of farmers' use of the correct methods to protect the rural environment from chemical pesticide pollution by (46.7%), The results showed a medium role tends to weak in the axis of the reasons that lead farmers to pollute the rural environment with chemical pesticides by (45), the researchers recommend the adoption of this study by the Ministries of Agriculture and Health and Environment and the need to pay attention to the issue of protecting the rural environment from pollution with chemical pesticides by expanding the scope of training courses, extension seminars and printing guidance bulletins related to this topic to increase and strengthen the role of agricultural extension workers in this field.|
|Agricultural Extension; Educating Farmers; chemical pesticides|
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