Review: Verification Process of Academic Certificates Using Blockchain Technology.
|Kirkuk University Journal-Scientific Studies|
|Article 7, Volume 18, Issue 1, March 2023, Pages 62-75 PDF (303.27 K)|
|Document Type: Review Paper|
|Abdulkareem Saber kareem* 1; Ahmed Chalak Shakir2|
|1Computer Science Department, Collage of computer Science and Information Technology, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk, Iraq|
|2College of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk, Iraq.|
|The rapid advances in Blockchain technology have impacted various areas, including financial, healthcare, and supply chain systems. Due to its unique characteristics, such as decentralization, trustworthiness, and security, this technology has recently been used in education, particularly in the verification of academic certificates. A certificate from an academic institution is a crucial document that could give someone access to new prospects. It frequently serves as a great starting point for choosing candidates during the recruitment process. Due to the lack of an effective anti-forging mechanism, academic certificates are vulnerable to fraud, forgery, and imitation. To combat this trend, educational institutions have implemented methods that often entail a third party verifying the legitimacy of academic certificates. A review of reference studies was conducted for this purpose. Many databases and papers that focused on blockchain in academic certificate verification and made important contributions rather than just making general statements about the topic were chosen. This paper investigates the benefits and challenges of blockchain technology in academic certificate verification. In the results obtained, it has been suggested that while blockchain technology in academic degree verification is still a new field, it holds a lot of promise for the academic certificate verification process as a whole. Finally, to avoid fake documents, this review paper focuses on papers related to the Academic Certificate Authenticity System (ACAS) using blockchain technology.|
|Blockchain; Academic certificate; Smart contract; Decentralization; Verification|
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