Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A clinicoepidemiological Study in Al Muthanna Governorate/Iraq
|Al- Anbar Medical Journal|
|Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 January 2023 PDF (646.67 K)|
|Document Type: Original articles|
|Arwaa Abdul-Hussein* 1; Abaas A. Yousif2; Ola T. Abed2; Ali A. Jabbar2|
|1Department of Medicine/Dermatology, College of Medicine, Muthanna University, Iraq.|
|2Al Hussein Teaching Hospital, Muthanna Health Directorate, Samawah City, Muthanna, Iraq.|
|Background: Leishmaniasis is an endemic disease in Iraq. There are three types of leishmaniasis; cutaneous, mucocutaneous, and visceral form. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is the most common type that causes skin sores. In Iraq, CL has 2 presentations, zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis which is caused by L. major, and anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. Tropica. Leishmaniasis, is transmitted by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies.|
Objective: We aimed to verify the clinical and epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Al Muthanna governorate.
Materials and methods: A prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the outpatient dermatological clinic in Al Hussein Teaching Hospital during the period from the 1st of December 2021 to the 1st of April 2022 in Al Muthanna governorate, Iraq. Patients with CL of any age and both sexes were enrolled in the current investigation. Detailed information regarding the age, gender, residence, duration, site, number, and type (wet or dry) of the lesion was recorded for every participant.
Results: Two hundred fifty patients were diagnosed clinically as having CL. Males represented 132 (52.8%) patients. The majority of the cases were found in the age group 0-10 (n = 174, 69.6%) patients. Eighty percent (n = 200) of the participants were from rural areas. Most of the cases were presented in less than two months (n = 164, 65.6 %). Most of the lesions affected the face (n = 89, 35.6%), and the least was seen in the upper and lower limbs (n = 9, 3.6 %). The majority of the cases had a single lesion (n = 164, 65.6%) and of the dry type (n = 178, 71.2%).
Conclusion: CL is an endemic dermatological disease in the Al Muthanna governorate. Males were outnumbering females. The highest age group affected was 0-10 years. The majority of patients were from rural areas. The majority of the cases presented within two months, involved the face, had a single lesion, and were of a dry type.
|Leishmaniasis; Cutenuous leishmaniasis; Al-Muthanna governorate|
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