Carbon Fiber-Based Cementitious Composites for Traffic Detection and Weighing In Motion
|Engineering and Technology Journal|
|Article 6, Volume 39, Issue 8, August 2021, Pages 1250-1256 PDF (825.54 K)|
|Document Type: Research Paper|
|Dhurgham Ghadhban* 1; Hasan H. Joni2; Ali M. Al-Dahawi2|
|1Directorate of Roads and Bridges, Baghdad, Iraq.|
|2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq.|
|New self-sensing cementitious composites embedded in the highway pavement for vehicle detection and weigh during motion is fabricated. Smart carbon fiber (CF) reinforced cement-based materials with high sensitive property are used as sensors. These smart composites may be able to detect the traffic and sense the weight in motion, thanks to their piezoresistive property. Cement-based sensors capability to vehicle detection was investigated in a real field at the University of Technology campus. Findings clarify that the CF-Based cementitious composites provide have a great potential to use as sensors for detect traffic and its composition also it possibly identifies different vehicular axle loadings (weigh during motion).|
|CF-Based cementitious composites; Self-sensing; Sensitive property; Vehicle detection; Weigh during motion|
 B. Han, K. Zhang, X. Yu, E. Kwon, and J. Ou, "Nickel particle-based self-sensing pavement for vehicle detection," Measurement,vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1645-1650, 2011.
 L. J. Sajida and S. Mahmooda, "An Efficient Approach for Detecting and Classifying Moving Vehicles in a Video Based Monitoring System," Engineering and Technology, vol. 38, Part A (2020), No. 60, 2020.
 P. Chen and D. J. Chung, "Concrete reinforced concrete as a smart material capable of non-destructive flaw detection,"Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 2, pp. 22-30,1993.
 P.W. Chen and D. J. Chung, "Carbon fiber reinforced concrete as an intrinsically smart concrete for damage assessment during dynamic loading," MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS,vol. 360,1994.
 P.W. Chen and D. J. Chung, "Concrete as a new strain/stress sensor," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 11-23, 1996.
 P.W. Chen and D. J. Chung, "Carbon fiber reinforced concrete as an intrinsically smart concrete for damage assessment during static and dynamic loading," Materials Journal, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 341-350, 1996.
 X. Fu, D. J. Chung, and C. Research, "Effect of curing age on the self-monitoring behavior of carbon fiber reinforced mortar," Cement and concrete Research,vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1313-1318, 1997.
 X. Fu, E. Ma, D. Chung, W. J. Anderson, and C. research, "Self-monitoring in carbon fiber reinforced mortar by reactance measurement," Cement and concrete Research,vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 845-852, 1997.
 X. Fu, W. Lu, and D. J. Chung, "Ozone treatment of carbon fiber for reinforcing cement," Carbon,vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1337-1345, 1998.
 X. Fu, W. Lu, D. J. Chung, and C. research, "Improving the strain-sensing ability of carbon fiber-reinforced cement by ozone treatment of the fibers," Cement and concrete research,vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 183-187, 1998.
 B. Han, X. Yu, and J. Ou, "Self-sensing concrete in smart structures," Butterworth Heinemann, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 415,2014.
 A. Monteiro, P. Cachim, P. Costa, and M. Oeser, "Sensitive smart concrete loaded with carbon black nanoparticles for traffic Monitoring," In Fourth Conf. on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures (Zurich, Switzerland,), vol. 28, 2017.
 W. J. Wei, "A research of the traffic vehicle-speed measuring system based on the pressure-sensitivity of CFRC," Shantou University,2003.
 Z.Q. Shi and D. Chung, "Carbon fiber-reinforced concrete for traffic monitoring and weighing in motion," Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 435-439, 1999.
 H. J. Jian, "Research of the traffic weighting monitoring system based on the pressure-sensitivity of CFRC," Shantou University,2004.
 D. A. Ghadhban, H. H. Joni, and A. M. Al-Dahawi, "Smart Cementitious Composites for Road Traffic Monitoring and Weighing in Motion," in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2021, vol. 1067, no. 1, p. 012012: IOP Publishing.
 Iraqi Standard Specification, No. 5/1984, "Portland Cement," 1984.
 S. M. Kamal, J. A. Saeed, A. J. E. Mohammed, and T. Journal, " The Characterization and Modeling the Mechanical Properties of High Strength Concrete (HSC) Modified with Fly Ash (FA)," Engineering and Technology, vol. 38, no. 2A, pp. 173-184, 2020.
 Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use in concrete, ASTM C 618, 2005.
 J. Zuo, W. Yao, X. Liu, J. T. Qin, and Evaluation, "Sensing properties of carbon nanotube–carbon fiber/cement nanocomposites," Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 838-843, 2012.
 Iraqi Standard Specification, No. 45/1984, "Aggregate sieve analysis," 1984.
 A. Monteiro, P. Costa, M. Oeser, P. J. S. M. Cachim, and Structures, "Dynamic sensing properties of a multifunctional cement composite with carbon black for traffic monitoring," Smart Materials and Structures,vol. 29, no. 2, p. 025023, 2020.
 G. J. E. Salman and T. Journal, "Density and ultrasonic pulse velocity investigation of self-compacting carbon fiber-reinforced concrete,"Engineering and Technology, vol. 36, no. 1A, 2018.
 A. Al-Dahawi et al., "Electrical percolation threshold of cementitious composites possessing self-sensing functionality incorporating different carbon-based materials," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1-15, 2016.
 B. M. Tyson, R. K. Abu Al-Rub, A. Yazdanbakhsh, and Z. Grasley, "A quantitative method for analyzing the dispersion and agglomeration of nano-particles in composite materials," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1395-1403, 2011.
 A. Yazdanbakhsh, Z. Grasley, B. Tyson, and R. K. Abu Al-Rub, "Dispersion quantification of inclusions in composites," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 75-83, 2011.
 A. Sobolkina et al., "Dispersion of carbon nanotubes and its influence on the mechanical properties of the cement matrix," Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1104-1113, 2012
 A. Al-Dahawi, O. Öztürk, F. Emami, G. Yıldırım, and M. Şahmaran, "Effect of mixing methods on the electrical properties of cementitious composites incorporating different carbon-based materials," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 104, pp. 160-168, 2016.
Article View: 296
PDF Download: 278